3.3 Human Capital: Faculty
The total number of faculty at states’ universities is another important aspect of a state’s research inputs.24 This section draws on data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System Human Resources Survey.
In terms of academic faculty per 1,000 residents, the top five states in 2013 were Rhode Island (3.40), Vermont (3.11), Massachusetts (3.09), North Dakota (2.98), and Iowa (2.61).
In 2013, across the entire U.S., academic faculty produced 0.77 publications on average.
In terms of publications from academic institutions per academic faculty per year, the top five states in 2013 were Massachusetts (2.12 publications per faculty), Maryland (1.97), Connecticut (1.49), Washington (1.39), and California (1.32).
West Virginia stood out for having both a high level of publications per faculty and a strong growth rate in the number of publications per faculty over the past ten years. In 2004, its faculty produced 0.93 publications on average, while in 2013, its faculty produced 1.30 publications on average.

Figure 3.3— Publications from Academic Institutions versus Net Assignable Square Feet for Research across all States, 2011. Source: Scopus® and NSF Survey of Science and Engineering Research Facilities. For ease of viewing, the x- and y-axes are expressed in logarithmic instead of linear terms.

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