Women's Health Care
The requirement in the federal Affordable Care Act for insurance plans to cover contraception brought a firestorm of controversy at the federal level. But 30 states require insurers that cover prescription drugs to provide coverage of the full range of FDA-approved contraceptive drugs and devices, according to the Guttmacher Institute. Two states exclude emergency contraception from the required coverage and one state excludes minor dependents from coverage.
While Roe v. Wade sets forth what states can do with regard to the regulation of abortion, 20 states have laws that could be used to restrict the legal status of abortion, according to the Guttmacher Institute. Four states—Louisiana, Mississippi, North Dakota and South Dakota—would ban abortion outright if the court decision was overturned, while 13 states retain their unenforced, pre-Roe abortion bans and seven states have laws that express their intent to restrict the right to legal abortion. In the meantime, however, 32 states provide funding under the joint federal-state Medicaid programs for low-income women in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest; five states also cover the procedure in the cases of physical health of the mother or fetal impairment. Seventeen states cover all or most medically necessary abortions, either voluntarily or through court order.