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American Rescue Plan State Utilization Database

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 – a $1.9 trillion economic relief package – was signed by President Joe Biden March 11. The act addresses the need for short-term economic relief and provides long-term investments for economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The American Rescue Plan Act: Information and Tools for States

The American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act of 2021, a $1.9 trillion economic relief package, was signed by President Joe Biden on March 11. Learn more about the breakdown of funding available in the ARP and opportunities for states to leverage these funds for state economic and civic recovery. Browse resources by policy area below.

How States are Putting American Rescue Plan Dollars to Work

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 includes $350 billion in new funding for state, local, territorial and tribal governments through the Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Fund. Within that fund, $195 billion is distributed to state governments and Washington, D.C. While there are some restrictions on the use of funds, states have considerable discretion.

The Team

Sarah Needler

Director of Research
The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Sarah Needler is the Director of Research at The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation. Sarah manages member research requests, evidence-based policymaking initiatives, fiscal policy research, health policy projects and the CSG Book of the States. She earned an M.A. in Economics from the University of British Columbia and an M.P.A in International Development from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
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Chip O’Connell

The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Chip O’Connell is a Research Data Scientist at The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation. He earned bachelor’s degrees in Political Science and Economics from Marshall University and expects to earn his PhD in Political Science from the University of Kentucky in 2022. Prior to coming to The Council of State Governments, Chip instructed Political Science classes in topics such as political analysis. He loves playing with data and enjoys every step of the data analysis process.

Casandra Hockeberry

Project Manager

Dakota Thomas

Senior Research Analyst
The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Dr. Dakota Thomas is a Senior Research Analyst in the Center of Innovation at CSG. In this role, he provides data analysis and research support for state policymakers. He is currently helping lead CSG’s efforts to analyze federal funding for states and make this information understandable and actionable for members. Dakota also works closely with CSG partners to encourage the use of evidence in policymaking. Dakota earned his Ph.D. in Comparative Politics at the University of Kentucky in 2019.

Christina Gordley

Senior Policy Analyst
The Council of State Governments
Christina is a Senior Policy Analyst at The Council of State Governments. She collects, monitors and analyzes data on state legislative, executive and judicial actions relevant to program interests; conducts outreach to state officials, national organizations, researchers and national policy experts; develops and writes reports; and assists in the planning, organizing and convening of meetings. Christina comes to CSG from the Commonwealth of Kentucky Office of the State Budget Director, where she worked as a Policy and Budget Analyst for over 15 years. Her previous role included serving as a liaison within executive branch agencies on budgetary, personnel and legislative matters; conducting fiscal and policy analysis; and providing oversight in agency budget requests, development of Executive Budget recommendations and implementation of enacted budgets and legislation. In addition to the CSG research portfolio, Christina serves as a resource on workforce development for ongoing analysis matters relevant to the states and CSG members.

Ben Reynolds

Research Analyst
The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Ben Reynolds is a Research Analyst for The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation. In this role, he provides policy research and technical assistance to state policymakers in all three branches of government and conducts fiscal policy research. Previously, he worked with the Tri-County Economic Development Corporation. Ben earned a B.S. in Economics from Northern Kentucky University and an M.Sc. in Applied Economics and Data Analysis from the University of Essex.
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Cassidy White

Senior Policy Analyst
The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Cassidy White is a Senior Policy Analyst at The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation. She provides research support and technical assistance to the Shared State Legislation and Women, Infants, and Children programs. Cassidy earned a JD from William & Mary Law School and a BA in Political Science from the University of Kentucky. Cassidy possesses a wealth of policy expertise in human services, behavioral health, intimate partner violence, and diversity, equity, and inclusion.

Aja Croteau

Project Manager
The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation
Aja Croteau is a Program Manager at The Council of State Governments Center of Innovation. As part of this role, she oversees the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Special Project Innovation and Shared State Legislation initiatives. Aja earned a Bachelor’s in Agriculture and Natural Resources from Berea College and a Masters of Public Administration from the University of Kentucky. Aja has a background working in non-profit organizations and food assistance programs.